Do EEA Residents Need a Fiscal Representative to Get a NIF?

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James Cave / Last Updated: January 9, 2023 / Posted in: QandA are able to arrange a NIF for $150 (or $140 for Portugalist readers). The current turnaround time is one week.

Discount applied automatically (no code needed).

The NIF or Número de Identificação Fiscal can be a confusing topic, especially when it comes to how to get one. There are different rules, which vary depending on where you’re resident. Some non-residents applying for a NIF need a fiscal representative, or someone to act as an intermediary between them and Finanças. This is usually the case with people resident in the US, for example. Others, those resident in Portugal or the European Union for example, don’t need a fiscal representative.

But what about people who are resident in countries that are part of the EEA (European Economic Area) but not part of the EU (European Union). This small group of countries includes Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

According to Kathleen Lo from, a country that helps people obtain a Portuguese NIF number, ‘if you are an EU/EEA resident applying for a NIF directly with the Financas, you do not need a fiscal representative.’ That means if you’re resident in Iceland, Norway, or Lichtenstein, you don’t need fiscal representation, which is good news as that normally means paying a lawyer and costs average around €200 per year that you require it.

Note the word resident rather than citizen. According to Kathleen, ‘if you hold a Japanese passport and are a permanent resident of Spain, you can get a NIF without a fiscal rep. But if you hold a Spanish passport and are a permanent resident of Japan, you will need a fiscal representative to get your NIF.’

For more information, read our guide to getting a Portuguese NIF.



  1. Hi and thank you for this.
    I've just looked at and their T&Cs include an automatic renewal of the fiscal representation after a year and it doesn't differentiate the EU citizens. Their explanations do not clearly note that it's not needed.

  2. Hi there,

    I live in Portugal more than 2 years and I have my residency card.

    Can I be a representative and do NIF for my sister who lives in Non EU country ?

    Many thanks

  3. Hi!
    I am from Bucharest, Romania and I plan to get my Nif. I tried to do this by mail, but with no success.
    Witch are the steps to follow for taking the Nif on site?


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