10 Things Portugal is Famous For

Last Updated: July 24, 2023 / 24 Comments

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Portugal sits on the edge of Europe in relative obscurity, especially when compared to neighbouring Spain and France. Most people have not only heard of Spain and France, but could easily list a few facts about each country and its culture.

Although most people don’t know a lot about Portugal, there are at least 10 things that almost everybody thinks of when they think about it.

Port Wine

Portugal is famous for the production of Port Wine, which is produced in the Douro Valley in Northern Portugal. Although some other countries produce a port-style wine – South Africa, for instance – only port wine produced in Porto can be called Port.

You’ve probably tried Port before, and most likely that was around Christmas time. In Portugal, Port is drunk throughout the year. It’s a popular dessert wine, and is often ordered at the end of a meal in Portuguese restaurants, or as part of a cocktail like Port and Tonic.

Many people when they come to Portugal are surprised by the number of different types of Port that exist. Outside of Portugal, you can usually just find Tawny or Ruby Port. Inside of Portugal, you’ll also find White Port and Ruby Port as well as subcategories of each.

Ruby Port, for example, is an umbrella category that includes several Port types including Late Bottled Vintage (LBV), Crusted, and Reserve.


It’s impossible not to think of football when you think of Portugal. Most of Portugal’s most famous celebrities are footballers, for example Cristiano Ronaldo, Luís Figo, and Eusébio.

Statue of Ronaldo at the Ronaldo Museum in Madeira
Statue of Ronaldo at the Ronaldo Museum in Madeira

And although Portugal has yet to win the World Cup, Portugal has been successful in other competitions like the UEFA European Championship which they won in 2016. They’re also frequent runners up in any football competition, and always a force for other teams to reckon with.

Pastéis de Nata

A few years ago, nobody had heard of Portugal’s delicious custard tarts. Now you can walk into any bakery in any major western city and expect to find them on the menu. They’re usually not as good as the ones in Portugal, where competition for the best is fierce, but they’re often not bad either.

A café (or bica) and a pastel de nata. Notice how the coffee isn’t filled quite to the top.

Pastéis de nata, or Portuguese custard tarts as many people like to call them, is Portugal’s biggest gift to the culinary world. Crunchy, soft, and gooey – they’re the perfect compliment to a cup of black coffee.

But as great as pastéis de nata are, they’re not the only cake Portugal makes. Portugal makes tens and possibly hundreds of different cakes, but unfortunately most aren’t easily available outside of Portugal. You’ll just have to come here to try them.

Aside from the pastel de nata, other Portuguese foods that you should look out for include cakes bolos de arroz, queijadas de Évora, and guardanapos, as well as main dishes like bacalhau, frango piri-piri, and leitão.

Golf Courses

Portugal is one of Europe’s most popular golfing destinations, and the Algarve in particular is home to some of the most popular golf courses in the country. Portugal’s golf courses have been recognises by several golfing organisations and publications. In 2014, Portugal won awards for being both the ‘best golf destination in Europe’ and the ‘best golf destination in the world’ at the World Golf Awards. In the same year, six Algarve golf courses were listed in the publication Golf World’s Top 100 Courses in Continental Europe 2014.


Portugal is one of Europe’s top surfing destinations, and every year thousands of wave-lovers flock to destinations like Sagres in the Algarve, Peniche, Nazaré, and Matosinhos near Porto to put board to water on Portugal’s Atlantic coast. But Portugal isn’t just another surfing destination, it’s where some of the top surfing records have been broken.

In 2012, Garrett McNamara entered the Guinness Book of Records for surfing the highest wave ever recorded. The Hawaiian surfer managed to catch a 78-foot wave just outside of Nazaré, around 90 minutes north of Lisbon.

Piri Piri Chicken

Invented in the little town of Guia in the Algarve, Piri-Piri chicken is Portugal’s second gift to the culinary world.

plate of piri piri chicken (or frango assado)

Many people think Nandos is Portuguese, which isn’t really true. It’s actually a South African restaurant chain based upon a Mozambican recipe, but with a Portuguese theme. That probably sounds quite confusing, and it is, but come to Portugal and experience what real Piri-Piri chicken tastes like. Many people are surprised to find that almost none of the items on a Nando’s menu can be found in Portugal.

Discovering the World

Although Portugal is now an obscure country on the corner of Europe, it was once one of the biggest empires in the world. Portugal was also the first country to go in search of the new world and, had that not happened, the world would be a very different place today.

Padrão dos Descobrimentos: The explorer’s monument in Lisbon

The Portuguese were the first to round the tip of Africa, make it to India by sea, and to discover Brazil. Many (Portuguese) people also believe that Christopher Columbus came from Portugal, possibly from Madeira.

Cork & Cork-Based Products

Portugal is the world’s top cork producer, and is home to the largest cork forest in the world. Cork and cork-based products make up roughly 2.3% of Portugal’s exports.

Demand for cork, particularly within the wine industry, is declining rapidly as more and more wine producers switch to alternatives. This isn’t so much the case within Portugal. Go to a Portuguese supermarket, and you’ll see that almost all of the wine has a cork stopper. Internationally, however, more and more wine producers are switching to the screw cap and other alternatives.

In response, Portugal has gotten very creative and tried to come up with new and creative ways to use cork. You can now buy handbags, purses, wallets, shoes, mousepads, ipad covers – you name it, all made for cork.

Azulejos (tiles)

Portuguese buildings, particularly those in Lisbon, are just incredibly photogenic thanks to the beautiful tiles that line the outside of the buildings.

Beautiful tiled building in Graça, Lisbon
Beautiful tiled building in Graça, Lisbon

Tiles are used to regulate heat in the buildings, and the concept was introduced into Portugal when Portugal was under Moorish rule. When Portugal regained control, it kept the tiles but with one slight change.

Painting people is prohibited under Islam, and the early Moorish azulejos used geometric shapes as their designs. This rule doesn’t exist in Catholicism, and so tile makers began painting elaborate scenes often of the Portuguese explorers going around the world, daily life in Portugal, religious scenes, and pictures of royalty and rulers.

beautiful azulejos in Lisbon

Note: Tile theft is a big problem in Lisbon with people removing tiles from the outsides of buildings in order to sell them illegally. Be very wary of buying antique tiles, particularly at flea markets like Feira da Ladra. 

Beautiful Beaches

Portugal has some of the best beaches in the world, particularly in the Algarve which also has more than 300 days of sunshine ever year. Praia da Marinha, in particular, has received countless awards and has been featured on CNN and TripAdvisor, while Dona Ana in Lagos has been featured in Condé Nast Traveller Magazine.

Have we missed anything else that Portugal is famous for? Let us know in the comments below. 

Written by

James Cave is the founder of Portugalist and the author of the bestselling book, Moving to Portugal Made Simple. He has visited just about every part of Portugal, including Madeira and all nine islands of the Azores, and lived in several parts of Portugal including Lisbon, the Algarve, and Northern Portugal.

You can contact James by emailing james@portugalist.com or via the site's contact form.

There are 24 comments on this article. Join the conversation and add your own thoughts, reviews, and stories of life in Portugal. However, please remember to be civil.


  1. For those who love nature as far as the eye can see, the Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro are ideal, between endless forests, valleys, small lakes and waterfalls hidden in the middle of it all... (you still have to be careful with wildlife, such as wild boars, snakes, and foxes, which are beginning to be used to humans, but we shouldn't play heroes either)
    For the arid lands as far as the eye can see, the Alentejo is ideal without being as hot as the desert... - even if the temperature difference between day and night is at least forty degrees all year round. (it does not matter the northern or southern part)
    And almost all of the Algarve is like the "Franco-Italian Riviera" or even the Bahamas, Tahiti...
    Porto is a bit like a mixture of London with Paris and Venice...
    For another side... - Lisbon is hard to say, between the Medieval, Renaissance, with the south-east part a bit like the old part of Venice, its huge endless stairs to go up to the castle of Saint Jorge and the village that is still there thanks to family legacies, the "calçadas" that are ubiquitous throughout Lisbon and the Taje Valley, its total transformation with the arrival of night (especially Friday and Saturday evenings that are the most eventful) with its wild parties, the multitude of bars, "tascas/tavernas" (very often still in their juice from the time of Portuguese Royalism) that serve very old recipes of old-fashioned fast food (extremely rustic ), the "Indian cafes" that are very well hidden in places that are sometimes not very inviting in the evening or at night, discos scattered all over the city and all its outskirts, etc, etc...
    For romantics, the Cais do Sodré in Lisbon is ideal before the end of the day, then the sunset is extremely unique, even magical, as some say. - up there in the Chateau de St Jorge it's even better, but to leave so late, it could be dangerous because of some local guys...

  2. You talk about some stuff that's not true...
    On the other hand, it lacks a lot of things, such as for example:
    - fofinhos de Belém (Lisbon, more precisely on the side of the Atlantic coast)
    - Caldeirada (currently reinvented with the help of Porto gastronomy) - mix of several categories of fish and vegetables (the whole Lisbon region and Taje Valley)
    - arroz de polvo (the whole coast from Fatima to Ericeira, but adopted by almost the whole country)
    ... - the list is still extremely long...
    Believe me, I am a pure "Alfacinha"="Pombalin"="Lisboeta", born in the heart of Lisbon, in the Hospital of Santa Maria.

  3. Bimbos? Never heard that. And I believe the term “portugas” is used in Brazil not portugal

  4. Portugal was made famous by Vasco Da Gama. If it wasn't for Vasco Da Gama Portugal would be unknown in many countries.

  5. Piri Piri Chicken? Who the hell wrote this?
    Codfish dishes is light years ahead when it comes to gastronomy "gifts to the world"! Seriously, by far...

    It is like saying USA is famous by having fast food restaurants at every corner, but not the god damn statue of liberty or something.

    Codfish dish examples:
    "Bacalhau com natas - Salted Portuguese Codfish with Cream",
    "Bacalhau a lagareiro - Cod with Olive Oil and Baked Potatoes",
    "Bacalhau a Gomes de Sa",
    "Bacalhau a Ze do Pipo"
    "Bacalhau a Bras – Salted Portuguese Codfish, Eggs & Potatoes",
    "Pasteis de Bacalhau or Bolinhos de Bacalhau – Salted Cod Fish Cakes"
    "Bacalhau Assado Na Brasa com Batata a Murro – Roasted Portuguese Codfish with Potatoes",
    "Pataniscas de Bacalhau – Portuguese Salted Cod Fritters"

    ...and there's a lot more dishes about codfish! And guess what, I don't even like codfish.

  6. Northern people are called Bimbos and Portuguese people in general are called Tugas. It’s a sort of self deprecating nickname, it sounds like when you slur the word por-tuga-es

  7. Hi Dr. Tamanna Arefin,

    I imagine there are a large number of products that can be exported to Bangladesh, however I don't know anything about what can and can't be exported from Portugal. Some of Portugal's biggest exports include footwear, leather, wine, and vehicle parts.

  8. I have noted about Portugal stated in this statement. I am by profession a Marketing Agent for managing import different products from EU countries. I think, my customers / clients are found to be very happy noting the information about high class and comparative wold class position from me and they have approached me to inform them what are the importable products available there in Portugal. Kindly inform me what are the products are exportable to Bangladesh and some other nearby countries of Bangladesh. Thanking you in anticipation, please,

  9. I'm not sure actually. There are nicknames for people from different parts of the country (People from Porto are "tripes" and people from the Algarve are "Arabs," but I can't think of one for the whole country.

  10. Does Portugal have a nickname like Japan is the land of the rising sun & Singapore is the Lion City?

  11. You neglected to mention the beautiful mason work on the walkways and crosswalks, etc in Lisbon and Lagos, two of the cities I visited. The designs are elaborate; some with optical illusions. I took many photos of the different walkways. You also forgot to mention the people of Portugal. I totally enjoyed my 1st visit to your beautiful country.

  12. Famous for Fado! Also famous for sardines and some of the freshest
    fish of anywhere in the world.

  13. Sesimbra in Portugal is a beautiful village surrounded by sea and cool breeze . This place is also famous for family vacation. The beach in sesimbra is beautifully surrounded by trees, mountains, track to jog, restaurants, and quiet waves.

  14. Portugal is also quite famous for cork for they grow many cork trees and many things are made of cork like bags and sometimes shoes if you go into a tourist shop you will more than likely see plenty of items made from cork. it also has vary good oranges,hope I could help!

  15. It is also famous for its salted cod, OMG I love it, especially when my grandma makes it for, back in Portugal.

  16. Fado--a distinctively Portuguese style that expresses saudade, a longing for something or someone distant, absent, or maybe even never encountered. Sung, usually solo, with guitar accompaniment.

    Cork--it grows on trees, in Portugal! Made into bottle stoppers, pads to put under hot pots or plates, or bowls; also, shoe soles. Sliced thinner for surface decoration or trim on bags, belts, etc.

    "The Three Marias" --three prominent Portuguese feminist writers whose collective book of creative prose pieces (mostly nonfiction) about the truths of women's lives incurred the ire of the then-dictator Salazar, who threatened to throw them in prison for publishing it. An international feminist network translated excerpts from "New Portuguese Letters" and gave readings in more than a dozen cities worldwide, to call the situation to the attention of feminists and generate support for the authors. Newspapers took up the cause of the Three Marias. And then, in April 1974, a revolutionary but peaceful movement overthrew the Portuguese dictatorship. People danced in the streets and stuck carnations into the muzzles of soldiers' rifles. Maria isabel Barreno, Maria Fatima Velho da Costa and Maria Teresa Horta were never judged--the trial was interrupted. I had the pleasure and privilege of visiting them all during the summer of 1974.

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