With its warm weather, beautiful beaches, and public healthcare system, Portugal has long been a popular destination for retirees, particularly from Northern European countries like the UK, Netherlands, and Germany. It’s becoming popular with retirees from other parts of the world as well, with an increasing number of people moving from countries like the United States, Canada, and South Africa.
Those with an EU/EEA/Swiss passport can move here with relative ease – although there are some hoops to jump through, obtaining your five-year temporary residency Certificado de Registo de Cidadão da União Europeia (or CRUE) is quite easy – but those from the rest of the world will need to obtain a residency permit to spend extended periods of time here.
Thankfully, Portugal has some very achievable residency requirements, which is another reason so many people have chosen to spend their golden years here. By European standards, it also offers a very quick path to citizenship (aka an “EU passport”: after five years, it’s possible to apply for both permanent residency and Portuguese citizenship by naturalisation).
Relatively unspoken about until a few years ago, the D7 visa has become one of Portugal’s most popular residency visas. Although it isn’t solely open to retirees, this is often called a “retirement visa” simply because it’s so popular with this age group.
The visa is aimed at those who have their own source of regular income. Examples include a pension (private or state), rental income, dividends, and royalties. Savings are accepted in some instances.
The reason the D7 is so popular is that the minimum financial requirements are very achievable, particularly for those coming from wealthier countries like the United States or United Kingdom. Your income needs to equal (but ideally be above) the Portuguese minimum wage, which, as of 2023, is €760 per month.
Living off that amount in Portugal wouldn’t mean living comfortably, particularly if you were renting, but it shows just how achievable this visa is.
The Digital Nomad Visa
Introduced in 2022, the digital nomad visa, or D8, is aimed at remote workers and freelancers who earn a salary from abroad. It is a visa for those that are still working, but it could be suitable for those approaching retirement who are in a job that allows them to work remotely.
Applicants need to show an average income of around €3,040 per month. This is much higher than the D7, but on the plus side, it does mean the rules are much more black and white.
The Golden Visa
The golden visa or ARI is a residency visa that allows you to live in Portugal in return for making a financial investment in the Portuguese economy. That could be something fairly altruistic like investing €250k in the Portuguese arts and culture sector or starting a company that provides jobs to locals, but it could be something as simple as purchasing a property worth €500k (or, in some cases, as low as €280k).
A few of the investment routes include:
- Invest in property (ranging from €280k-€500k)
- Invest €350k+ in funds, such as venture capital funds
- Transfer of €1 million to a Portuguese bank account
- Donate €250k to an organisation in the Portuguese arts and culture sector
(Note: these options will change slightly as of January 2021)
One of the main benefits of the golden visa is that it only requires you to spend an average of seven days per year in Portugal to maintain your residency (14 days every two years). If you have plans of travelling the world in your retirement years, but also want to obtain citizenship from an EU country, this could be the right option for you.
Besides the investment (e.g. a property), the lawyer fees for the golden visa are normally higher than other visas like the D7. Because of this, it’s really only worth going for the golden visa if:
- You only want to spend a minimal amount of time in Portugal (you’re free to spend more if you wish)
- You don’t qualify for another visa, such as the D7
If you’re not planning to retire, but simply planning to change career and start a business of your own, the D2 could be the ticket to do just that.
The visa is aimed at entrepreneurs who want to start a business in Portugal. This could be anything from a tech startup to a guesthouse or shop. What matters is that you’re able to present a business plan and show there’s a reasonable gap in the market for the service you plan to provide.
If you’ve been thinking about going back to university, why not do it in Portugal. Not only could you obtain a degree or masters, but it could also be your ticket to a new life in Portugal.
There are several universities in Portugal, including the University of Coimbra, which dates back to 1290. Or there’s the University of Porto, which provided some inspiration for Harry Potter.
One challenge of a study visa is that it’s usually only suitable for a few years. The years spent studying do count towards your permanent residency or citizenship application, however, you normally need to have spent five years residing in Portugal to qualify for either – slightly more than the average course.