Moving to Portugal as an EU citizen is relatively easy. You don’t need to apply for a residency visa (such as the D7 or golden visa) like those from outside of the EU do: you simply need to show that you have the means to support yourself, whether that’s through a job, savings, or another form of income like a pension. And you can come to Portugal and simply register at your local câmara municipal rather than deal with consulates and embassies. It’s all much simpler.
But what happens if you have a spouse, partner, or other family member from outside the EU?
Thankfully, family members (such as a spouse) also don’t need to go through the hassle and costs of applying for a residency visa like the D7. They can come to Portugal with their EU partner and, once the EU partner has registered at their nearest câmara municipal and obtained their CRUE, they can request an appointment with AIMA (previously known as SEF) under “Article 15,” and obtain residency that way.
The residency card an EU family member lasts for 5 years, whereas residency through the D7 or golden visa would typically be granted for 2 years at a time. So going down this route means fewer renewals, which in turn means lower costs and a lot less hassle.
Some immigration lawyers offer a service for EU citizens that want to bring their non-EU family members to Portugal, and using a lawyer would save you some headaches, particularly in terms of having to phone AIMA (previously known as SEF) for an appointment and worrying whether you have the correct documents. However, many people feel comfortable going down this route without a lawyer.
Richole, a Chinese citizen who writes the travel website Mrs Life Blog, went through this process when she and her Danish husband, Martin, decided to move to Portugal. Martin had already obtained residency in Portugal and then Richole arrived on a family visa, which allowed her to stay for 90 days in a 180-day period. She was then able to request an AIMA appointment while already in Portugal.
The AIMA Appointment
You need an appointment with AIMA, and getting one takes a lot of patience and, although some people manage to book an appointment online, and a lot of phone calls (for some this is in the hundreds).
Jonny KD, who moved to Portugal in 2021, recommends using a redial app rather than manually redialling. He also says not to use the words ‘family reunification’ when calling, otherwise it’s easy for the person on the other end of the line to assume you mean the D6 visa, which is for families where none of the members hold EU citizenship. Ashley Long, who moved to Portugal in 2022, recommends following the AIMA Facebook groups to get notified of whenever AIMA releases a new batch of Article 15 appointments.
Once you do get through, it’s not unusual to be told that there aren’t any available appointments for Article 15 cases. It’s not unheard of to not be able to get an appointment within the 90 days, and many people end up overstaying their visas while they wait for appointment slots to open up. Some people have successfully managed to book appointments online, but phoning is still the more common way.
Richole made the mistake of turning up to AIMA without an appointment and ended up queuing for 1.5 hours only to be told that she wouldn’t be seen without one. She was told to either call AIMA or try to make an appointment through CNAI (Centro Nacional de Apoio a Integração de Migrantes). The next time she came back, she made sure she had an appointment.
Officially, and according to EU law [source], the following documents are required to register a non-EU family member in Portugal:
- A valid passport.
- Your registration certificate as an EU national or any other proof of your residence in the country.
- Proof of the family relationship with you (such as a marriage or birth certificate)
- For (grand)children, proof they are under 21 or dependent on you.
- For (grand)parents, proof that they are dependent on you.
- For other family members, proof that they are dependent on you or there are serious health ground requiring you to take personal care of them.
- For unmarried partners, proof of a long-term or durable relationship with you.
While the website states that “no other documents may be requested,” in practice it’s not unusual for people to get asked for other documents from time to time. Jonny says he kept a copy of this list just in case he was asked for other documents and he wanted to challenge it.
For Ashley Long, who had her appointment in early 2023, the following documents were needed:
- Application form (you can get this there or bring it in already completed)
- A valid passport (not photocopies)
- Marriage certificate, with translation that was less than 6 months old*
- Bank statements and current account printout**
- NIF statement**
- Proof of address (she used a water bill and had brought the deeds to her property just in case, but the water bill was used instead)***
* Ashley’s marriage certificate is from France, which meant that it needed to be translated but not apostilled. Jonny registered his marriage via the Finish consulate in the US rather than have to get their marriage certificate apostilled.
**Non-EU residents typically need to use a lawyer or fiscal representative, such as Bordr or other services, to obtain a NIF and, although the same requirements don’t apply for bank accounts, sometimes require assistance in opening them. Ashley obtained her NIF through her attorney who also gave her a contact at the bank who opened an account before she moved from France.
*** Rather than bring a bill, Jonny used an Atestado De Residência. While this often seen as a “more official” document, it can take sometimes take some work to obtain.
As well as Ashley’s documents, her French husband, who had already obtained residency as an EU citizen, needed to bring the following documents:
- Valid passport
- French residence card
- Certificado do Registo de Cidadão da União Europeia (CRUE) or residency certificate
Ashley had to pay a fee of €21, which she was able to pay with a credit card, and her photos and fingerprints were taken there. Once the interview was complete, she was given a printout that acts as her temporary residence permit until her real residence permit arrives. This is expected to take around 2-4 weeks on average, but the actual time can vary.
After 5 years of living in Portugal, non-EU family members can apply for permanent residency and Portuguese citizenship.