Utilities in Portugal: Setting up Your Water, Gas, & Electricity

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Originally published in Jul 2021 & last updated on November 20, 2023
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When you move into a new home, whether it’s somewhere you’ve rented or bought, you’ll most likely need to arrange utilities such as water, electricity, and, depending on whether the property has it, gas. 

It isn’t a major task, but you can sometimes get someone else to do it (fill out the form below to speak to an agent).


  • If you’re renting, your landlord may be willing to arrange it (or help you with the process)
  • If you’re buying, your buyer’s agent (if you have one), lawyer, or the seller’s agent may be willing to help you. Some estate agents through in this service for free as one of their selling points
  • Some expat-focused companies offer a service where they set up your utilities for you

Some utility companies will accept payment by IBAN, but most will want you to use the Multibanco system. If this is the case, you’ll need a Portuguese bank account. You’ll also need a NIF (Número de Identificação Fiscal) which is also usually necessary for opening a bank account in Portugal. 


  • If you’re a couple, consider putting different bills in each partner’s name so you both have proof of address
  • You can pay by direct debit or do it manually via multibanco
  • Portuguese utility companies don’t have the best reputation in Portugal, particularly when it comes to cancelling a contract so be warned
  • You can submit meter readings online and this will help make sure your estimates are more accurate and you aren’t overcharged 

Arranging Electricity

Since Portugal is one of the most expensive European countries for electricity[source and [source], it pays to shop around rather than just going straight to EDP (the main electricity company). There are several price comparison companies in Portugal that can help, such as: 

Most companies will offer a range of different tariffs. Some offer cheaper rates at certain times of the day, particularly night, and they can make financial sense if you’re able to remember to run appliances like the dishwasher and washing machine during these hours. 

Another thing to consider is the electricity output. The cheapest tariffs often cut out if you run two or more high-powered electrical items at the same time (for example a hairdryer and the microwave). If you don’t want to spend your time constantly trying to find the fuse box in the darkness, simply phone up the electricity company and ask to be upgraded to a more suitable tariff. 


Not every home has gas, especially mains gas, but having gas can cut your cost of living as it’s much cheaper than electricity. Again, it’s a good idea to use the comparison websites mentioned to find the best deal. However, many companies, for example EDP and Endesa both offer electricity and gas and electricity and many people find it easier just to sign up with one company. 

Some properties don’t have mains gas, but use gas bottles. These bottles can be replaced at the supermarket or petrol station and some companies will deliver as well. 


Unlike electricity and gas, where it’s normally possible to compare several different utility companies, there are usually only one or two water companies per region. Just ask your landlord or estate agent what the options are. 

Many people worry that Portuguese water isn’t drinkable, but don’t worry: it is. It can be hard in some parts of the country, however, and the taste can vary depending on the time of year. If your water ends up being hard or has too much chlorine, you could consider installing a BRITA tap, a reverse osmosis system, or a water softener. Alternatively, a simple Brita filter jug from Amazon should do the trick. 

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James Cave is the founder of Portugalist and the author of the bestselling book, Moving to Portugal Made Simple. He has visited just about every part of Portugal, including Madeira and all nine islands of the Azores, and lived in several parts of Portugal including Lisbon, the Algarve, and Northern Portugal.

You can contact James by emailing james@portugalist.com or via the site's contact form.

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  1. We just switched to an air fryer/slow cooker combo machine and it uses a lot less electricity than the oven. Would highly recommend for cutting down those bills this winter


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